o Government where officials (a dictator) completely exercises firm power of all parts of citizens’ lives, Hitler, Mussolini, Stalin.
o Significant because this type of government pushed Europe into WWII.
o Real power starts in 1922
o Started by Mussolini, based on militaristic focus, nationalistic aggressiveness, opposition to Socialism, included a firm, powerful top executive (dictator).
o Significant because this was the governmental model that brought Germany to start WWII.
o Agreement of US to give loans to Germany to enable them to pay reparations to Britain and France, who would then pay back war debts to the US.
o Significant because its economic codependence helped to cause the Great Depression. Weimar Republic:
o Democratic German government, very unsuccessful economically (inflation into the billions), failures allowed Hitler to take power in 1933, stood for very liberal value system.
o Significant because this was the form of German government put into place after WWI and the one that partially helped to cause WWII.
National Socialist Workers Party (Nazis):
o Hitler’s supporters, controlled Germany into and during WWII, very staunchly anti-Semitic and pro-German nationalism, tried to gain Germany power throughout Europe and to make the country one “race” (Aryan), fascist and totalitarian.
o Significant because this was the group that caused WWII and tens of millions of lives lost throughout Europe.
o Nazi-led anti-Semitic vandalism, homes, synagogues, stores destroyed, Jews had to pay for damage, German citizens part of actions as well.
o Significant because it got the ordinary German citizenry into the policies and goals of the Nazi Party.Nuremberg Laws:
o Took away vast amounts of Jewish rights and freedoms, established definition of a Jew as somebody with 3 Jewish grandparents.
o Significant because it was an early form of institutionalized, legalized Nazi anti-Semitism.
Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact:
o Agreement between Germany and Russia that if one was attacked, the other would not help that attack, land gained in Poland would be divided between the two countries.
o Significant because it kept the USSR out of the war initially, allowing Hitler to make big gains in Eastern Europe.
o Agreement between Chamberlain (UK), Mussolini (Italy), and Hitler (Germany) that would allow Nazis to take Sudatenland (Czechoslovakia) in exchange for this being the extent of Nazi expansion and thus, for peace.
o Significant because it was the focal point of Chamberlain’s unsuccessful appeasement of Hitler.
o Wannsee Conference, decision of Nazis to systematically kill all Jews in land they controlled, more focus on death camps, prior to this, they had oppressed Jews and forced them to ghettoes, but they had not been so clear in their goals, killed 6 million Jews throughout the Holocaust as a whole.