Poet of the Middle Age and Early Renaissance. Wrote The Divine Comedy which is now considered a masterpiece of global literature. Poem is thought to reflect changing opinions and tensions of the age. Criticized Catholic Church despite being a very distinctly Christian poem.
One of the most influential poets of all time. Accurately portrayed his time and provided a transition between the Middle Ages and Early Renaissance.
Leonard da Vinci
1452 to 1519
Regarded as an early example of the Renaissance Man. Painted the incomprehensibly famous Mona Lisa which would characterize the Renaissance. Also sculpted statues and wrote thousands of pages in journals that detailed sketches of futuristic tanks and flying machines.
Truly a genius in every regard. The most influential artists and men of the Renaissance and all of history.
1564 to 1616
Very important playwright. Using Renaissance and humanist ideas, eventually writing plays that dealt with tragedies, comedies, historical times, and classical figures.
One of, if not the, most influential and important playwright ever. Addressed very human problems eloquently in a way which is still admired today.
1606 to 1669
Dutch painter. Artist following the Renaissance era. Began his career as a portrait painter, but soon fell into deep poverty. Remained highly reputable for portraits and Bible scenes during his life.
One of the most important European, and more specifically, Dutch painters ever. Helped bridge the gap between Renaissance and Baroque art.
1756 to 1791
Composer of the Classical era. Composed over six hundred works in the short time that he was alive. Died suddenly from an unknown sickness. Many of his works are considered to be true greats.
Influential composer who would change the face of classical music with his works.
1770 to 1827
German composer. Helped transition classical music between the two era of Classical and Romantic. Composed many works despite going deaf towards the end of his life. Ridiculed during this period, but still made an amazing amount of classical music.
One of the most important composers in history. Transitioned Classical music to Romantic music.
1770 to 1850
English poet of Romantic era. Wrote The Prelude, a lengthy poem which would become one of his most famous works
Considered to have "started" the Romantic era of literature
1828 to 1910
Russian writer of the 19th century. Wrote War and Peace and Anna Karenina, both of which became extremely important in expressing views of many Russians of the time.
Considered to be a great novelist and one of the first true Russian writers
Vincent Van Gogh
1853 to 1890
Dutch painter. Ushered in the Post-Impressionist era. Used strong, vibrant colors and rough beauty to convey his ideas in a slightly abstract way. Most famous painting is almost undoubtedly "Starry Night."
Defined the Post-Impressionist era. Paintings are among the most famous in the world.
1881 to 1973
Spanish painter. Along with Braque, started Cubist movement in painting. Used a variety of mediums and employed geometric shapes to convey his ideas. Paintings became increasingly abstract throughout his career, creating an extremely distinct style.
Founded the Cubist movement and greatly influenced modern artwork.